Bed bugs are small, flat, parasitic insects that feed solely on the blood of people and animals while they sleep. They appear to be shaped like a barrel and are about the size of a pinhead or a grain of salt. Their coloration will vary depending on their age as well as whether or not they have fed recently. Adult bed bugs are brown, 1/4 to 3/8 inch long, and have a flat, oval-shaped body. Whereas young bed bugs (called nymphs) are smaller and lighter in color.
The most common species associated with human bedbug infestations are Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus. Bed Bugs will infest a room that has never been cleaned just as likely as a pristine room in a 5 star hotel. Some stories focus on strange locations bed bugs have shown up unexpectedly, such as police call centers, movie theaters, libraries, and retail stores.
Although bedbugs aren’t known to spread disease, they can cause other public health and economic issues. Bedbugs can hide in many places, including on bed frames, mattresses, clothing, furniture, behind pictures and under loose wallpaper. They come out at night and are attracted to the warmth of our bodies and carbon dioxide in our breath. Their strong legs help them climb vertically and on rough surfaces.
The flourish of these critters is fostered by the general lack of awareness and vigilance among homeowners. In order to protect yourself, your family, and your home from a major problem, it’s important to learn how to recognize the signs of bed bugs early.
Bedbugs can be tricky pests to spot, but they leave behind a distinct trail, so check out these subtle signs to make sure you keep the bed bugs from biting.